The Basics on Testicular Cancer Every Man Should Know

We’ve written briefly about testicular cancer on Your Health Your Choice before, pointing out that all men should conduct regular self-examinations to catch the disease before it progresses too far.

Since April is Testicular Cancer Awareness Month, we want to provide a little more information about this form of cancer. We’re sharing the key facts all men should know, including signs and risk factors of testicular cancer and preventative measures to take.

Testicular Cancer Basics

Testicular cancer occurs in the testes. Cancer cells form in one or both testicles. When cells change, they grow uncontrollably. A mass or tumor then forms.

Cells also affect the blood stream and lymph system. When they spread, tumors form in other areas of the body. Testicular cancer like breast cancer is detected when a lump is found. The disease is treatable and one form of curable cancer.

Testicular Cancer Symptomstesticular ribbon

Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer vary. Some of the most common include:

  • A Lump in the Testicle or Testicles.
  • Hardness in the Testes.
  • Painless Swelling in the Testes.
  • Dull Ache or Heavy Sensation in the Lower Abdomen, Anal Area or Scrotum.
  • Changes in How the Testicle Feels.
  • Build-Up of Fluid in the Scrotum.
  • Pain or Discomfort in Testicle or Scrotum.
  • Heavy or Swollen Scrotum.
  • Tender or Enlarged Breasts.

If the testicular cancer is advanced, men may find a mass in their neck, have trouble breathing or cough a lot, experience nausea or vomiting. They may even have anorexia or difficulty eating. Lower back pain, bone pain, never pain, and leg swelling may indicate that a man has testicular cancer.

If you notice any signs of testicular cancer, it’s best to see your physician right away. Most forms of testicular cancer are found by men and their partners and not doctors. Because the disease is treatable, early detection is key. It prevents it from metastasizing.

Testicular Cancer Risk Factors

Young men between the ages of 15-35 are at greater risk for testicular cancer. Here are some other risk factors to take note of:

  • Race. Testicular cancer is more common in white men. They are more likely to get it than black men. In fact, 4.5 times more likely to be exact. Other races fall in between white and black men in probability. Early detection prevents the disease from spreading to other areas of the body.
  • Personal Family History of Testicular Cancer. Close family members like fathers, brothers, and uncles with a history of the disease play a role in a man’s testicular health. Genetics often determine whether a man has testicular cancer or not.
  • Different Syndromes. There are a number of syndromes like Klinefeter Syndrome, Cryptochidism, and Carcinoma in Situ (CIS) that sometimes cause testicular cancer.

Taking Preventative Measures Against Testicular Cancer

A monthly testicular self-exam is a preventative measure that saves lives. Take note of any swelling or tenderness. Having a physical exam completed by a physician once a year is also recommended.

Test Smartly Labs nationwide can also conduct cancer screen panels to alert you to any proteins or other substances in your blood or urine that could be indicative of some form of cancer.

To learn more about how Test Smartly Labs can help you monitor your health, contact your nearest location today.

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