The Link Between Prediabetes & Type-2 Diabetes

A recent study by researchers at Tel Aviv University reveals that over 79 million Americans have prediabetes, putting them at a higher risk of developing type-2 diabetes. If the prediabetes progresses into full-blown type-2 diabetes, these Americans could have trouble regulating their carbohydrates, fat metabolism, and blood sugar levels, plus they’ll have an increased risk of heart disease and stroke.

But there’s some good news out of the study, too — Dr. Nataly Lerner, Dr. Michal Shani and Shlomo Vinker found that the A1c blood screen, a common diabetes test, can catch at-risk people with prediabetes much earlier than previously thought. This means that individuals predisposed to Type-2 diabetes can make lifestyle changes to prevent the disease from progressing.

But what exactly is prediabetes and Type-2 diabetes — and why are they important to treat? This week, we’re answering those questions — and in part 2 of our prediabetes series, we’ll explain how diabetes testing can help prevent the onset of type-2 diabetes.

The Link Between Prediabetes & Type-2 Diabetes

What is Type-2 Diabetes?

ARCpoint Labs | The Link Between Prediabetes & Type-2 DiabetesNormally, your body absorbs energy (in the form of glucose) from your blood stream to use in assorted tissues throughout the body. In healthy bodies, the pancreas produces enough insulin, the hormone that helps our cells use this energy. But in Type-2 diabetes, either the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin or the cells use the insulin inefficiently, resulting in higher blood glucose (or blood sugar) levels, like a 2 -3 month average blood sugar of 6.5% or above.

As the glucose builds up in a Type-2 diabetic’s blood stream, it can cause damage to the blood vessels in the heart, kidneys, eyes, and nervous system. Type-2 diabetes can also lead to lower life expectancy, an increased risk of heart disease and stroke, blindness, kidney failure, and dementia. Diabetes testing can help lessen the effects of Type-2 diabetes by catching and treating prediabetes early on.

What is Prediabetes?

In prediabetes, the balance between blood sugars and insulin is off, either due to the pancreas’ failure to make sufficient insulin after a meal or due to inslin-resistant cells that block insulin from moving glucose into their tissues. Individuals with prediabetes will thus experience higher blood sugar levels, but not levels high enough to diagnose type-2 diabetes.

Having prediabetes not only puts you at higher risk of developing type-2 diabetes: it also increases the risk of serious medical conditions like heart disease and stroke by 50%, as well as damage to the eyes, kidneys, and nervous system.

Stay tuned for our post next week, in which we’ll explain the process of prediabetes testing and how you can lower your risk of developing type-2 diabetes!

Get Diabetes & Prediabetes Testing Today

Want to know if you have prediabetes and are at-risk for developing type-2? Located nationwide, many ARCpoint Labs offer lab and wellness tests, including diabetes and prediabetes testing like A1c screens and fasting glucose panels.

To see if an ARCpoint Labs location near you offers wellness testing, including prediabetes screening or diabetest testing, find your local walk-in lab today!

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